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Often traveling by road, sea, and air, horses are perhaps the most frequently transported domestic species. Stressors associated with equine transport increase their risk of injury, disease, and poor welfare. Many studies have documented the adverse effects of road transport on horses, but data on air transport stress is limited. In this prospective study, researchers will work with owners, air cargo operators, flight-grooms and veterinarians to determine the incidence of health and behavioral problems observed in overseas air-transported horses. Data will be collected from departure to 5 days post-arrival. Findings will be used to inform guidelines to improve the health and welfare for horses traveling by air.

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University of Bologna
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Barbara Padalino, DMV, PhD
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